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Songs and Teachings of the Bible
Songs and Teachings of the Bible
Passover and the Days of Unleavened Bread
"Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us. Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth."
(I Corinthians 5:7-8)
"For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that he was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve. After that He was seen by over five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain to the present, but some have fallen asleep. After that He was seen by James, then by all the apostles. Then last of all He was seen by me also . . . ."
(I Corinthians 15:3-9)
A Risen From the Dead Narrative
Jesus rose from the dead at 3 o'clock in the afternoon on the weekly Sabbath [Saturday] during the Days of Unleavened Bread in 31 A.D., precisely seventy-two hours after He had died on Passover [Wednesday, the preparation day] prior to the first Day of Unleavened Bread [Thursday, an annual Holy, or High Day] (Leviticus 23:5-7; Matthew 27:62; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54; John 19:14, 31, 42).
Jesus rose from the dead:
"After three days" (Mark 8:31)
"In three days" (John 2:19-20)
"The third day" (Matthew 16:21; 17:23; 20:19; 27:64; Mark 9:31; 10:34; Luke 9:22; 13:32; 18:33; 24:7, 21, 46; Acts 10:40; I Corinthians 15:4)
"Three days and three nights" (Matthew 12:40; Jonah 1:17)
Hence, precisely seventy-two hours in the grave.
Certain women who had viewed the crucifixion from a distance (Matthew 27:55; Mark 15:40; Luke 23:49) purchased spices and ointments on Friday, after the High Day and before the weekly Sabbath, intending to anoint Jesus' body after the Sabbath (Mark 15:42, 47; 16:1; Luke 23:54-56; 24:1). The women were 1) Mary Magdalene, 2) Mary the mother of Jesus, James and Joses, 3) Salome and 4) Joanna (Matthew 13:55; 27:56, 61; 28:1; Mark 15:40; 16:1; Luke 24:10). Late on the Sabbath (Saturday afternoon, after the resurrection and before sunset -- Matthew 28:1*), the women came to visit the tomb. There was an earthquake, the stone rolled away, the guards fainted (Matthew 28:2-4) and an angel told the women that Christ had risen. They were frightened, fled from the tomb and said nothing to anyone (Mark 16:8).
"Late on the Sabbath" (NAS, 1963)
"Late in the week" (Panin)
"Late on the Sabbath Day" (Harmony of the Gospels, A.T. Robertson) [Footnote reads, "The visit of the women to inspect the tomb was thus made before the Sabbath was over (before 6 p.m. on Saturday). . . . It must be borne in mind that the Jewish first day of the week began at 6 p.m. on our Saturday."]
After the Sabbath, when it was dark (John 20:1), Mary Magdalene told Peter and John about the empty tomb. She was confused, not grasping fully the angel's message she had heard earlier (John 20:1-2). Peter and John ran to the tomb and found it empty (Luke 24:12; John 20:3-10). John believed (verse 8). The disciples returned home (verse 10) but Mary remained at the tomb (verse 11). Then two angels appeared (verses 12-13) and Jesus Himself spoke to her. She didn't recognize Jesus at first (verses 14-15). After she realized it was Jesus and conversed with Him, she ran back to His disciples and told them about the experience, but most of them did not believe (verses 16-18; Mark 16:9-11); none of them understood as yet the Scriptures being fulfilled (verse 9). All of this happened on Saturday night, after the Sabbath, during the Days of Unleavened Bread.
Later, during the day, Jesus appeared to two men walking toward the village of Emmaus (Mark 16:12; Luke 24:13-32). After the encounter, very excited, they found Jesus' disciples and told them they had seen Him. Most of the disciples still didn't believe (Mark 16:13; Luke 24:33-35). Before sunset on the first day of the week (Luke 24:21, 29, 33; John 20:19) Jesus Himself appeared to His disciples (Mark 16:14; Luke 24:36-45; John 20:19-23) and told them about the great Work He wanted them to accomplish (John 20:22-23; Luke 24:46-49; Mark 16:15-18). Thomas was not present on this occasion and continued to doubt (John 20:24-25). Jesus appeared to the disciples at the same location eight days later and convinced Thomas (John 20:26-29).
Jesus was with His disciples for forty days (Acts 1:3). They went to Galilee (Matthew 28:10, 16; John 21:1) where Jesus performed many more signs among them (John 20:30; Acts 1:3). All of their doubts (Matthew 28:17; John 21:3-14) were erased during this period (John 21:7, 15-25; I Corinthians 15:3-8; Acts 13:30-31). The disciples became thoroughly convinced that Jesus Christ had risen from the dead.
They returned to Jerusalem, waited in an upper room (John 20:19, 26; Acts 1:13) and received the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost (Matthew 28:18-20; Mark 16:19-20; Luke 24:50-53; Acts 1:4-14; 2:1-4). They devoted the rest of their lives to the Great Commission Jesus had given them, preaching the Gospel of the Kingdom of God all around the world (Matthew 24:14; 28:18-20; Mark 1:14-15; 13:10; 16:20; Acts 1:8; 17:6; Colossians 1:23; Hebrews 2:3-4).
"And truly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name."
"For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive. But each one in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, afterward those who are Christ's at His coming. Then comes the end. . . ."
(I Corinthians 15:21-24)
In a comment on Matthew 28, the Oxford Annotated Bible (RSV) states,
"The sequence of events cannot be worked out. Each account is a separate summary of early Christian testimony to the fact of Jesus' resurrection."